Urinalysis (UA) simply means analysis of urine. The urinalysis test involves the collection of urine sample in a specimen cup. The proper collection of a sample is very important in order to avoid contamination of urine. Urinalysis is a simple test that can provide important clinical information, has a quick turn-around time, and is also cost effective. For our purposes, it tests your urine for the presence of certain illegal drugs and prescription medications. The urine drug test usually screens for alcohol, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, marijuana, cocaine, PCP, and opioids (narcotics).
A urine drug test can detect potential substance abuse problems. After a drug test identifies these problems, we can help you start a treatment plan. Also, taking urine drug tests throughout substance abuse treatment helps to ensure that the plan is working and that you’re no longer taking drugs.
When Is The Test Used?
There are several scenarios where a urine drug test might be necessary.
Your primary care doctor may order this test if they suspect you have a problem with drugs or alcohol. An emergency room doctor may also request this test if you’re confused and your behavior seems strange or dangerous.
Many employers require potential employees to get a urine drug test before they can be hired. One benefit of the urine drug screen is that it can keep people with drug problems out of jobs that require the ability to be alert and focused. A drug-addicted air traffic controller or truck driver, for instance, could put the safety of many people at risk.
Drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers test residents on a regular basis. This helps to ensure that people receiving treatment for drug or alcohol abuse are staying sober. If you’re on probation or parole for a drug- or alcohol-related offense, the officer in charge of your case may request random drug tests to verify sobriety.
Finally, the tests can be used in home settings. For instance, parents may ask teenagers to take this test to prove that they’re not using drugs or alcohol. If you’re planning to test your teen at home, it’s a good idea to consult with your family doctor or another health professional beforehand. They can advise you on how to follow up if the test is positive.
The collected urine sample should be analyzed soon (within 1-2 hours) after collection. If this is not possible, then the sample will be refrigerated.